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Are your dog’s nightly ear-scratching behaviors driving you crazy? Have you had enough of your dog constantly licking its paws? When your dog bites its tail, are you at your wit’s end?
Consider how your dog must be feeling if you feel uneasy.
Dogs frequently engage in compulsive biting, licking, and scratching habits, which can have a variety of causes. They might also be dangerous. The emergence of a “hot spot,” a red, moist, inflamed region brought on by repeated chewing, licking, scratching, or rubbing, could be one of your dog’s first warning signs of a problem. Hot spots, also known as “acute wet dermatitis,” can form anywhere on your dog’s body, although they appear most frequently on the head, chest, and legs.
Reasons Why Dogs Compulsively Scratch, Lick, or Chew
Dogs itch, lick, and chew for a variety of causes, including allergies, boredom, and parasite infestation:
Allergies. When it becomes a problem, excessive scratching in dogs is sometimes brought on by allergies to certain foods or environmental triggers, such as mold and pollen. When dogs come into touch with certain substances, such as soap or pesticides, they run the risk of developing a skin condition known as contact dermatitis.
Anxiety or a lack of stimulation. Dogs can have physical responses to psychological upset in the same way that people with anxiety might have physical responses to anxiety, such as biting their nails or twirling their hair. Certain dogs can develop a condition that is strikingly similar to that of humans who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder. It can exhibit itself in actions such as biting, licking, or chewing that can cause significant injury.
Dry skin. Dry skin in dogs can be caused by several different things, including the cold winter weather and an inadequate intake of fatty acids. Your pet may scratch or lick at their skin or fur as a reaction to the discomfort they’re feeling.
Hormonal imbalances. It’s possible that your dog could get a superficial skin infection if his body is producing too much cortisol or not enough thyroid hormone, both of which could be contributing factors. You might detect patches of baldness, and your dog might itch or lick themselves as if they were experiencing allergy symptoms.
Pain. If you are attempting to figure out why your dog licks or chews excessively, you should remember to consider the potential that anything about their physical environment is causing them discomfort. For instance, if you observe that your dog is biting their paw regularly, they may have a thorn or sharp stone caught in the pad of their foot. Orthopedic diseases, such as arthritis or hip dysplasia, can also cause compulsive chewing or licking.
Parasites. Fleas, ticks, and mites are the most common parasites that can cause a dog to indulge in compulsive licking, chewing, and scratching. Ticks, on the other hand, are frequently visible to the naked eye, although fleas and mites are frequently undiscovered until a major infestation has occurred and are exceedingly minute. Do not, therefore, conclude that your dog does not have parasites simply because you are unable to observe them on him.
Treatment for Your Dog’s Compulsive Scratching, Licking, and Chewing
As there are numerous potential causes for your dog’s chewing or scratching, you should visit your veterinarian as soon as you notice a problem. The veterinarian will help determine the cause of the behavior as well as the most effective treatment method for the problem. This may include, but is not limited to, the following, depending on the underlying cause of your dog’s obsessive behavior:
Eliminating parasites. Your veterinarian may suggest using any one of several various flea and tick treatments for your pet. If fleas are the cause of your dog’s biting or chewing issues, make sure to wash your dog’s bed regularly and vacuum your carpeting and upholstered furniture to limit the possibility of re-infestation. Additionally, if your dog’s biting or chewing issues are caused by fleas. In addition to this, you are responsible for treating any other pets living in the home.
Altering the foods. If your dog suffers from food allergies that cause itching, avoiding foods that are known to be possible triggers (such as beef or wheat) can make a significant impact. If this seems to be the case, your veterinarian may suggest a specific diet for your pet. The inclusion of fatty acid supplements in your pet’s normal diet can help alleviate difficulties related to dry skin and maintain the health of your dog’s coat, among other benefits.
Taking medical treatment. To treat the underlying issues that are contributing to your dog’s chronic scratching, your veterinarian may prescribe medications for your dog. In addition, your veterinarian may suggest applying topical or systemic antibiotics, steroids, or anti-itching medicines to any existing hot spots or skin infections to treat them effectively.
Putting a stop to the conduct. You must do all in your power to prevent your dog from engaging in obsessive behaviors such as excessive chewing, licking, or clawing. These activities have the potential to inflict considerable injury to your dog and have a poor impact on the quality of life that he leads. You can keep your dog by your side while you are at home, use bitter sprays to discourage licking or have your dog wear a special collar to limit access to hot areas. Another option is to keep your dog away from hot areas entirely. These are just some of the possibilities.
Addressing feelings of unease or boredom, fear, stress, or an insufficient amount of stimulation can, in certain instances, lead to the development of compulsive behaviors like biting, chewing, or licking. To lessen the chances of this happening, you should make sure your dog gets plenty of activity, attention, and love. In addition, it may be beneficial to encourage your dog to reduce tension by chewing on toys or bones rather than undesirable actions such as inappropriate chewing or licking. This can be accomplished through proper training.